Treatment Modalities

Ideal treatment according to Ayurveda is one, which cures the disease without causing adverse effect. The three classical therapeutic modes advocated by Ayurveda are (1) Therapies with divine powers (Daivavyapasraya chikitsa), (2) Rational treatment with medicines (Yukti vyapasraya chikitsa) and (3) Preventive and remedial measures by Psychotherapy (Satwavajaya chikitsa).

 

The rational Ayurveda treatment is carried out in four parts. These are (1) Dosha pacifying therapy (Samsamana) is advised when the morbidity of Dosha is minimum. (2) Bio-cleansing therapy (Samsodhana or Panchakarma) should be selected when morbidity of Dosha is severe or maximum, which can not be subsided by Samshamana therapy. (3) Avoiding causative factors (Nidana Parivarjana) and (4) Dietetics (Pathya Vyavastha). The type of therapy to be given to a patient is decided keeping in view the severity of the disease and the general condition of the patient.

In Samshamana therapy, administration of medicine in different forms in the vein of choorna, vati, kashaya, arishta etc which are antagonists to both Dosha and Diseases is done. Selection of herbal or herbo mineral drug will be based on the morbidity of Dosha, status of illness and age of the patient. Anupana (Drug Vehicle) usually a liquid media given along with main drug helps in its absorption in GIT and drug delivery in the system. Bheshaja Kala exemplifies the applicability of administration of drug with regards to specific time and frequency in the management of disease. It decides the extent and rate of its digestion, absorption, biotransformation and excretion.

Specialized Therapeutic Procedures

Ayurveda emphasizes on preventive and healing therapies along with various methods of purification and rejuvenation. Scientific studies have validated the efficacy and acceptability of these procedures.